Qudra 2 - Resilience for refugees, IDP’s, returnees and host communities in response to the protracted Syrian and Iraqi crises
Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
36 months (01.09.2019 – 31.08.2022)
EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis, BMZ, AECID
Political Partner in Turkey
Turkish Presidency Office
Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID)
Enabel - Belgian Development Agency
Expertise France (EF)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Hungarian Interchurch Aid (HIA)
Cooperating Partner in Turkey
Union of Municipalities of Turkey (UMT)
The Syrian crisis has created the world’s largest displacement emergency. According to the UNHCR (2020) 6.6 million people have been displaced within Syria and 5.6 million Syrian refugees are registered in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey and Iraq. Many refugees have been in their host countries for five or more years and a large-scale return of refugees to Syria is unlikely in the short term. Those who return to their homes face the challenge of rebuilding their lives in the context of large-scale destruction of infrastructure and disruption of the social order.
Most refugees, internally displaced people (IDP) and returnees live in host communities; only a small percentage live in dedicated camps. And while host governments and communities have made considerable efforts to support them, the extensive duration of the crisis is placing a strain on the social fabric. Real and perceived competition over access to education, jobs and other basic services is increasing social tensions.
Many of those affected by the Syrian and Iraqi crises require specific support to overcome the trauma of displacement. As the effects of the now protracted crises continue to be felt by individuals, communities and government institutions, substantial support is required. Qudra works with refugees, displaced people, returnees and host communities in four countries bordering Syria, namely Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.
The European Union (EU), the German Government and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation are responding to this situation by jointly supporting projects that are mitigating the challenges of the region. Qudra is an example of such cooperation. Now in its second phase (2019–2022), the programme constitutes a multi-partner action to provide a European response, offering the combined strength and capacities of the EU and its Member States` implementing agencies.
The objective is to strengthen the resilience of refugees, IDPs, returnees and host communities in response to the protracted crises in Syria and Iraq. This will be achieved by the programme through the following four components selected according to
each respective country`s needs.
1. Education and Protection
2. Employment promotion and income generation
3. Local governmental institutions and civil society organisations
4. Social cohesion as a cross-cutting component
In this framework, Qudra 2 in Turkey focuses on strengthening the capacities of local governmental institutions by providing grant scheme for participatory and inclusive community support projects .