is a relation established between municipalities in order to resolve their common problems and develop close friendly relations with the purpose of cooperation.
HISTORY OF SISTER CITIES
It has been observed that municipalities in Europe develop and improved sister city relations with different motives in different eras. In 1950-60 era after the devastation caused by World War 2 in Europe the former enemy countries that bombarded each others cities developed sister city relations in order to strengthen the peace on the base level.
It was also effective as a diplomatic tool in 1960-70 era when national policies did not allowed intimacy of the people of two countries. In the beginning of 1980-2000 era both with the acceleration of EU Project and the unification process following the collapse of Iron Curtain sister city relations gained a new momentum.
After 2000's EU mentions that it sees the sister city relations as a tool to bring together publics on citizen level, to provide opportunity to know about other countries daily lives and break the prejudices.
Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) established in 1951 has been supporting sister city programs since its early years.
PURPOSE OF SISTER CITY COOPERATION
- Exchanging knowledge (know-how information)
- Contributing the cities' economic development (advertisement etc),
- Improving the quality of service provision and municipal administration.
- Benefiting from different points of views on common subjects like sustainable development, climate change, social improvement.
- Experience sharing
- Involving in EU process on local level and improving the process.
- Carrying out long term projects based on a common goal.
FREQUENTLY FACED PROBLEMS IN SISTER CITY RELATIONS
- Need for Finance
- ack of political support
- Lack of public support
- Not having the support of Municipal community.
- Cultural Differences
- Language problem
- Incompatibility of the goals